The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organizations targeted local Republican leaders, white and black, and other African Americans who challenged white authority. Republicans in Congress did not want a quick restoration, for the reason that it would bring Democratic representatives and senators to Washington and in Congress passed the Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill.
Under this plan new governments were formed in Louisiana, Tennessee and Arkansas but the Congress refused to recognize them. The culture of abolitionists in the Union vs.
These repressive codes enraged many in the North, including numerous members of Congress, which refused to seat congressmen and senators elected from the southern states.
The Radical Republicans reconstruction plan. Congress during this period. In effect, the issue of states rights caused many states to do just that and to form their own group called The Confederacy or The Confederate States of America.
However, it is clear that the interweaving of the slave culture into the southern economy meant that Confederate states would have lost a lot if slavery was taken away from them, and this would have been a great source of tension.
Sectionalism and Nationalism Tensions were unsurprisingly high and loyalty began to brew within regions right before the time of the war, leading to widespread sectionalism. So exactly what caused the civil war?
Even though there were differences of opinion on slavery within Union states at the time and not all the states that held slaves were part of The Confederacy, it was generally clear that The North and The South held opposing views to slavery, leading to political causes of the civil war.
Should states have more power than central government? Though federal legislation passed during the administration of President Ulysses S. All knew that these interests were somehow the cause of the war.
Key questions were posed: This was in contrast to The South which depended on slavery for its predominant agricultural economy.
The brutal and horrific practice of slavery filtered through into all of the causes of the civil war, creating tensions that paved the way for such loss of life, suffering and destruction.
As Lincoln stated in his inaugural address, one-eighth of the American population were coloured slaves that were localised in The South which had particular and powerful interests.
Apart from being required to uphold the abolition of slavery in compliance with the 13th Amendment to the Constitutionswear loyalty to the Union and pay off war debt, southern state governments were given free reign to rebuild themselves.
Grant in took aim at the Klan and others who attempted to interfere with black suffrage and other political rights, white supremacy gradually reasserted its hold on the South after the early s as support for Reconstruction waned.
Hayes reached a compromise with Democrats in Congress: The majority of slavery was illegal in The North as it had been outlawed in the 19th century, yet its expansion was rife in southern states. Instead, manufacturing was the booming industry in this region and goods were made with machines instead of being grown.
Public structures, private homes, and farm buildings had been burnt, rail road tracks uprooted, cotton gins wrecked, and the earth scorched in many sections of the defeated land.
The rise of chattel slavery meant that slaves could be bought and sold as property and any children the slaves had could become property too. The South argued that each state had rights to secede and leave the Union whenever they wanted — they claimed that states should decide whether they want to pass laws or not, as the states were themselves important individual regions.
Southern states had little desire to embrace manufacturing as businesses were based on low cost labour and so supported the right to sell cotton and purchase manufactured items from any country. This difference in economic interests meant that The North supported tariffs on goods whereas The South demanded a free trade.
In —after an economic depression plunged much of the South into poverty—the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives for the first time since the Civil War.
In exchange for certification of his election, he acknowledged Democratic control of the entire South. In the contested presidential election that year, Republican candidate Rutherford B. At the time it felt like two separate parts of the world and because each region thought of themselves as different, it was more easy for animosity and conflict to brew between these regions.
It was argued that each state has its own separate identity and so each state should be able to walk away if they want to. During the war Lincoln had expanded his presidency.
Slavery Arguably the general consensus is that slavery was the primary cause of the civil war.
In a speech delivered on April 11, while referring to plans for Reconstruction in LouisianaLincoln proposed that some blacks—including free blacks and those who had enlisted in the military—deserved the right to vote.
What rights do states have over the central government? Enough Confederates signed these oaths to enable the immediate creation of new governments.
The North and The South did trade a significant amount with each other which brought about mutual benefits. The war was a result of conflicting ideological, cultural and economic ideas between both regions. In contrast, Northern states had heavily invested in manufacturing and could not compete with advanced European industries to offer high prices from southern cotton imports and lower prices for manufactured good exports in return.
The first bill extended the life of the bureau, originally established as a temporary organization charged with assisting refugees and freed slaves, while the second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens who were to enjoy equality before the law.
Johnson required that the new states ratify the 13th Amendment freeing the slaves, abolish slavery in their own constitutions, discard debts incurred while in rebellion, and declare secession null and void. The South saw Abraham Lincoln as a threat and so argued that they should have the right to secede or leave the United States.Reconstruction Essay essays Reconstruction was the period of 'repair' after the civil war.
It was to repair the North and South, politically, socially, and economically. It was also to rejoin the South back into the union, as it had succeeded during the civil war. President Lincoln wanted. The Union victory in the Civil War in may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period () introduced a new.
Reconstruction. Inthe Civil war was finally brought to an end. The five years of war was the nation's most devastating and wrenching experience/5(1). The Reconstruction of America After the Civil War Essay. The Reconstruction of America After the Civil War At the close of the American Civil War inthe United States’ government was faced with the tremendously difficult problem of re-integrating the Confederate States into the Union.
Reconstruction in America After the Civil War Essay. The Meaning of Reconstruction America has gone through many hardships and struggles since coming together as a nation involving war and changes in the political system.
Essay The Problems of the Reconstruction after the Civil War For example, Lincoln proposed that the seceded states should be allotted the right to establish a state government if ten percent of the state’s voters in the election of took an oath of allegiance to the Union.Download