Knightley, however, unlike Emma, is no blind snob: Furthermore, regarding class, other critics have viewed Knightley as an innovative, more egalitarian landlord for his acceptance and incorporation of the views of tenants like the Martins.
Emma is convinced that she has no equals in Highbury. Manners are very important to the Highbury community. Throughout the novel, Emma learns through her mistakes and through the tutelage of Knightley the true meaning of class.
Jane, Frank, and Mrs. All the problems in the plot are caused by faulty perceptions of rank and its duties. She regrets her rudeness to Miss Bates not only because Knightley is displeased but also because she herself perceives that she has been cruel.
To Austen, these offenses that affect community sociality are more heinous than the external threats of poultry theft and outsider predation. Emma Woodhouse, pretty and clever, lives in a world no bigger than the village of Highbury and a few surrounding estates; in that small world, the Woodhouse family is the most important.
Emma, a deserved classic, has a rich menu of themes and topics that continues to evolve with modern interests and concerns. In Emma, social class is so prevalent that it is possible to read the novel as a primer on the proper observance of class Critical essays on jane austen by bcsoutham and the obligations of the upper class.
Initially, she looks down upon everyone in a lower economic sphere, such as Robert, and respects those, like Elton, who pretend to gentility. In this work of her maturity, she deals once more with the milieu she preferred: Are the Coles of high enough degree to be able to properly invite a Woodhouse to their premises?
Weston, has recently risen into the upper class by marrying into a respectable family, Emma aspires to similarly raise her new friend Harriet to a higher class. Emma feels that to elevate Harriet into the gentry would detach her from bad acquaintance and introduce her into good society.
Furthermore, she shows that there is more to gentility than simply money, birth, and connections: Those who are derelict in this social duty, including Frank, are viewed with dissatisfaction; Frank deceives people about his affairs.
She must accomplish all this without abandoning her self-esteem and intelligence, her father, or society. The novel raises questions about the possibility of womanly fulfillment in a society focused on rank and wealth, about the social construction of womanhood, and about assumptions that women are merely extensions of the property of men.
Other members of the community ignore insults to maintain good feeling, such as when the Martins continue to be kind to Harriet even following her Emma-instigated snobbery and her refusal of Robert. Other neighbors bring food to the Bateses when Jane is ill. Emma, first in consequence in her sphere because she has a large income independent of labor, owns property, and possesses old and distinguished family connections, must learn how to act her part.
The general civility of the community is considered so important that when Emma ruptures it with her ill-natured insult of Miss Bates at Box Hill, Knightley takes steps to let her know of her gaffe, and she corrects it as soon as she can, aware of the necessity for courtesy and amity among neighbors.
She begins to develop a sensitivity, however, as she experiences her own humiliations. The other antagonists are Elton, who feeds his own social and pecuniary ambitions by disparaging Harriet, a disadvantaged member of the community he has an obligation to foster; and his wife, Augusta, who attempts to further community goals in befriending Jane and in organizing socials, but who also unwisely ignores the tacit rules of class decorum that demand she submit to those above her in the social hierarchy.
She learns that the Coles family, whom she considered too lowborn to socialize with, are courteous and kind associates. Austen ridicules, punishes, and otherwise disparages characters in Emma who insufficiently carry out the obligations of neighborliness, just as much as she castigates characters who display flaws of moral character.
Truly high-class neighbors such as Knightley and the Woodhouses still associate with the Bateses, while trying to relieve their poverty with frequent gifts of goods and services.
There are brief, important occasions when the two, united by instinctive understanding, work together to create or restore social harmony; however, it is not until Harriet presumes to think of herself as worthy of his love that Emma is shocked into recognizing that Knightley is superior to her as well as to Harriet.
Altogether, Austen is telling the reader that gradations in social strata contribute to the orderly workings of society, and that happiness and peace result from recognizing and accepting class boundaries. Making herself obnoxious with her egotistical pretensions and her insults to lower-class Harriet, Augusta shows her lack of refinement and manners, illustrating that true upper-class gentility cannot be acquired simply by having enough money.
She is basically deficient in human sympathy, categorizing people as second or third rank in Highbury or analyzing them to display her own wit. Knightley also points out that as the highest-ranking young woman in the neighborhood, Emma has the obligation to set an example of courtesy and polite behavior, which she has failed to do.Jane Austen - dozens of critical essays and papers on Jane Austen's writings - Jane Austen.
Essays and criticism on Jane Austen's Emma - Critical Evaluation.
Critical Essays on Jane Austen has 2 ratings and 1 review. Naomi said: Obviously only worth reading if you like & know Austen's novels pretty well. Som /5(1). Introduction "Virtual Tour of Jane Austen's House in Chawton." If you can't get there, you can see photos of her house, exteriors and interiors, her writing table, a patchwork quilt made by her, and Austen family furnishings on the internet.
a critical analysis on the themes on Jane Austen's book, Emma. by ChelseaTsang in Types > School Work. Critical Essays on Jane Austen [B.
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