He observes that the needs of city-states vary greatly depending on their wealth, population, class distribution, and so on.
When we consider the function of man we find happiness is the virtuous activity of the soul the psyche — for the Greeks this was the part of us with which we think and feel. Wednesday, April 7, Summary of Aristotle: The Greek city-state, or polis, is the most general association in the Greek world, containing all other associations, such as families and trade associations.
In such an arrangement, each individual rich person would have more political power than each individual poor person, but the poor and the rich as groups would be balanced against one another.
Aristotle, The Nicomachean Ethics, Trans.
When the masses rule, a constitution is a polity if they rule well and a democracy if they rule badly. The end of political science is happiness. He examines the different varieties of states and constitutions and makes a number of general recommendations.
It is the end of life. The good life consists primarily in rational contemplation, so even though political action is admirable and necessary, it is only a means to the end of securing the ultimate happiness of rational contemplation.
Then, once we have accepted it, he will go on to develop a more detailed and exact account. Politics Summary All associations are formed with the aim of achieving some good. It is a space they are using to examine their readings in preparation for class discussions and lectures.
Ethics is a branch of politics in that both aim at that which is good for man. Aristotle identifies citizenship with the holding of public office and administration of justice and claims that the identity of a city rests in its constitution.
A knife has the purpose of cutting things, so to perform its function well it must have a sharp cutting edge. So, what is it that is the good for man? Man, too, has a function: Where the definition of Good is where all things are to be aimed for example health.
It is the first principle for the sake of which we do what we do. Constitutions are usually changed by a large, dissatisfied faction that rises up against the people in power. His recommended curriculum consists of reading and writing, physical education, music, and drawing.
He proposes a principle of distributive justice, saying that benefits should be conferred upon different citizens differently, depending on the contribution they make to the well-being of the state.
Education is important to ensuring the well-being of the city, and Aristotle prefers a public program of education to private tutoring. Roughly speaking, there are six kinds of constitution, three just and three unjust.
This he believes is happiness or eudaimonia, meaning well-being or flourishing. More particularly it is that rational part of man not shared by other animals or plants.
Citizenship in the Greek world was a much more involved responsibility than it is in modern representative democracies. When a single person rules, a constitution is a monarchy if the ruler is good and a tyranny if the ruler is bad.
To achieve this he believes man must fulfil the function proper to him. Fortune may have deprived a good man of friends, money and power. The three branches of civic government are the deliberative, which makes the major political decisions of the state; the executive, which runs the day-to-day business of the state; and the judicial, which oversees the legal affairs of the state.
All citizens in a Greek city-state take part in government and hold various public offices, which is why Aristotle takes public office as a defining feature of citizenship. Young citizens serve in the military, middle-aged citizens govern, and older citizens take care of religious affairs while noncitizen laborers take care of farming and crafts.
He insists that we can only fully realize our rationality and humanity as citizens of a city-state, and so he concludes that fully realized humans are, by necessity, political animals. Then comes the definition of Statecraft is where is the rate of infinity the desire to have it all.
The interests of the rich minority and poor majority can be balanced by allowing both factions a roughly equal amount of power.
Because the virtue of learning and the some kind of training is rewarded by a blessing that is generally shared but with the exception of the virtue being stunted. Plato did infact question this and asked this alot. So to understand ethics it is necessary first to live virtuously.
Consequently, a strong middle class keeps a state in balance and guards against corruption and oppression. The tight bond between citizen and city-state also explains why Aristotle considers active citizenship as a necessary feature of the good life.
In Books IV to VI, Aristotle turns from his theoretical speculations to a practical examination of political institutions as they exist in the Greek world. Finally comes the definition of Study of Ethics which talks about the pure excellence of justice which involves the disagreements and agreements of uncertainity and certainity.Now the ultimate end of man is happiness, for that is the goal at which all actions aim, either directly or indirectly.
To define happiness, Aristotle maintains that one must look at man's highest function, the function which man alone can perform.
Analysis of Aristotle's Aim of Man Essay The aim of man Basically Aristotle explains the definitions of Good, Statecraft and the study of Ethics. Where the definition of Good is where all things are to be aimed for example health.
Then comes the definition of Statecraft is. All associations are formed with the aim of achieving some good. and trade associations. As such, the city-state must aim at achieving the highest good.
Aristotle concludes that “man is a political animal”: we can only achieve the good life by living as citizens in a state. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics study guide contains a biography of Aristotle, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Analysis of Aristotle's Aim of Man Eng Comp Aristotle’s The Aim of Man Essay What is the meaning of life? What is the point of life and consciousness? Apr 17, · Aristotle- The Aim of Man?
Aristotle begins the work by positing that there exists some ultimate good toward which, in the final analysis, all human actions ultimately aim.
The necessary characteristics of the ultimate good are that it is complete, final, self-sufficient and continuous. What is machievelisim and how does it Status: Resolved.Download